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SAT文法中邏輯主語一致性考點(3)

2019-07-03 11:19     供稿單位: 新航道    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  標志結構四:狀語從句省略形式,主語一致

  錯誤句式1:After seeing the movie, the book was read by him.

  改為:After seeing the movie, he read the book.

  錯誤句式2: Although located in the center of the city, people have dismantled the building.

  改為:Although located in the center of the city, the building has been dismantled by people.

  由以上兩個例句我們可以看出,當句中包含狀語從句省略形式時,如

  After/Although/When –ing, SVO.

  After/Although/When –ed, SVO.

  則需要保持此處–ing/–ed 的邏輯主語與主句主語保持一致。

  例如2017 年5 月北美真題第32 題

  After hearing a lineup of famous art critics testify to the aesthetic value and originality of nonrepresentational art like Bird in Space, the court's ruling was in favor of Brancusi.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. the ruling of the court was in favor of Brancusi.

  C. the court ruled in favor of Brancusi.

  D. Brancusi was the favorable receiver of the court's ruling.

  做題思路:

  1. 識別考點:看到句首狀語短語中的連詞after+hearing,明確考點。

  2. 句子主語應該是hearing 這個動作的執行者,C 選項的句子主語the court 符合主語一致的原則,所以正確。

  標志結構五:形容詞的省略結構,主語一致

  錯誤句式:Large and hexagonal, I find the pills are really effective.

  因Large and hexagonal 的主語應該是pills,而不是I,故以上句子有誤。

  應改為:Large and hexagonal, the pills are really effective for me.

  例如Khan 語法‘A “Rosie”Turn on American Labor ’第3 題

  The propaganda posters featured images of a coverall-clad, muscular woman named Rosie the Riveter. Dirty yet wearing makeup, brawny yet feminine, female factory workers were symbolized by Rosie.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. Rosie became a symbol of the American female factory worker.

  C. a symbol of the American female factory worker was developed in Rosie.

  D. American factories began using Rosie to symbolize their female workers.

  做題思路:

  1. 識別考點:句首有狀語Dirty yet wearing makeup, brawny yet feminine

  2. 句子主語應與這個狀語的邏輯主語Rosie 一致,B 選項的主語符合,所以選B。

  考點識別意識對于文法部分而言很重要,對于本文講到的邏輯主語一致性考點的相關考題尤其重要。這是一種技巧性比較強的題型,一旦通過這五種標志性結構識別了考點, 做題就會又快又準。



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