2019-05-10 16:39 供稿單位: 新航道
The brief passage（有點兒長）: Several years ago, Groveton College adopted an honor code, which calls for students to agree not to cheat in their academic endeavors and to notify a faculty member if they suspect that others have cheated. Groveton's honor code replaced a system in which teachers closely monitored students. Under that system, teachers reported an average of thirty cases of cheating per year. The honor code has proven far more successful: in the first year it was in place, students reported twenty-one cases of cheating; five years later, this figure had dropped to fourteen. Moreover, in a recent survey, a majority of Groveton students said that they would be less likely to cheat with an honor code in place than without. Such evidence suggests that all colleges and universities should adopt honor codes similar to Groveton's. This change is sure to result in a dramatic decline in cheating among college students.
Instructions（一定一定一定要仔細讀）: Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.
基于我們之前3講已經習得（也許吧）的概念，我們以一個邏輯點來解讀這個指令：whatquestions would need to be answered是什么意思？
我們可能發現一個偷換概念問題：文中說a majority of students said that they would be less likely to cheat with an honor code in place than without。意思是“有這個honor code的情況下比沒有（這個honor code的情況）下”不會去做弊。聽起來有些道理。
但是，但是，但是，作者不是要比較honor code和teachers’ monitoring么？怎么去比較有honor code和沒有honor code了呢？哄小孩兒呢？！
明確了這個邏輯疑點之后，我們解讀指令：what questions would need to be answered。也就是我們要問問作者：我知道有honor code可能比沒有好（有honor code可能比沒有的時候能控制cheating），我怎么知道學生覺得honor code比teachers’ monitoring更能抑制ta們cheating的想法和行為呢？這個比較真是滑稽。
嘲笑過后，我們開始寫作。雖然我們心里的想法是the comparison should be between the honor code and the system of teacher monitoring，我們寫作的時候要應對著指令的要求來寫：Although the honor code , according to the majority of students, may effectively deter most students from cheating, did the students also say that they would be less likely to cheat with the honor code than with the teachers’ monitoring system? Without answering this question, it is unfair for the author to suggest that the honor code would be more effective than teachers’ monitoring in reducing cheating.
短文的論證中有一個它因問題：The fewer cases of cheating may be due to the decrease in the levels of difficulty of the tests, the case in which students find cheating unnecessary. 怎么加工成應對指令的形式？如下：The author should also consider whether it was because of the honor code that there had been fewer cases of cheating. Are there any other factors that could also have led to the reduction? For example, if the levels of difficulty of the tests decreased when the honor was in place, some students who would have otherwise cheated would not cheat.
至此，大家是否對指令為what questions would need to be answered的類型有些概念了？仍然模糊？不著急。下周五（每周五）見。